This collection documents Hartwell's investigation of abuse of Black soldiers in the south during the American Civil War. The collection includes correspondence by Hartwell during his investigation of allegations of abuse, affidavits, statements that he had gathered from African-American soldiers, and other evidence relevant to the investigation. The collection also includes mementos of Hartwell's service in the 44th, 54th, and 55th Regiments of the Massachusetts Infantry, including numerous photographs of Black and white soldiers (among them Robert Gould Shaw), and general and special orders pertaining to freed slaves.

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